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Peter Basilica Sculpture
Wed, Aug 28, 2019
Exterior architecture: facade and dome of St. Peter's Basilica
Access to St. Peter's Basilica is via St. Peter's Square, an elliptical forecourt surrounded by a Doric colonnade that dates back to Greek architecture. The facade of St. Peter's Basilica, designed by Carlo Maderno, shows a huge arch of Corinthian columns (each 30 meters high) and is crowned by thirteen statues - Christ flanked by eleven of the Apostles (without Peter) and John the Baptist.
The entrance to St. Peter's Basilica is accessed via steps guarded by two high statues of Saints Peter and Paul.
St Peter's Basilica
The Basilica of St. Peter is one of four great basilicas of Rome, the others are Santa Maria Maggiore, Saint. Paul and Saint. John Lateran, but it is the dome of the Basilica of St. Peter - the highest dome in the world - that dominates the skyline of Rome. The dome was largely designed by Michelangelo and built during the short papacy of Sixtus V (1585-1590) by Michelangelo's disciple Giacomo della Porta and is based on four attachments and massive pillars, each 20 metres thick.
It was Michelangelo who increased the size and strength of the supporting structure without undermining the central unit of Bramante's original design. Direct ants of the dome of St. Peter's Basilica include the Cathedral of Florence, designed by Filippo Brunelleschi and completed in 1434, the church of Hagia Sophia of Constantinople, completed in 537; and the dome designed by Christopher Wren for St. Paul's Cathedral in London.

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